With seasonal allergies, symptoms may be very similar to dry eye, but the telltale sign is itchiness. When the eye is sensitive to an allergen such as pollen or pet dander, histamine is released, causing the eyes to itch, tear, and redden. Depending upon which condition is affecting your eyes, the treatment will vary.
Do seasonal allergies cause dry eyes?
Seasonal allergens can cause symptoms that are similar to the symptoms of chronic dry eye. If you have irritated or dry eyes — especially during spring and fall when allergens are more abundant outside — you need to get the correct diagnosis so you can get the best treatment.
How do you get rid of dry eyes from allergies?
If you only have dry eye every now and then, or your symptoms are mild, you may be able to get some relief from simple remedies and from over-the-counter eye drops (often called “artificial tears”). In addition to over-the-counter artificial tears, decongestant eye drops may help.
What is the best allergy medicine for dry eyes?
Cetirizine (Zyrtec) and loratadine (Claritin) tend to be less sedating than some older drugs, and they provide longer-lasting relief. Keep in mind, though, that oral antihistamines do dry the eyes and can make a dry eye condition worse. If you need more help, a doctor can prescribe other eye drops.
Why are my eyes all of a sudden dry?
Reasons for tear film dysfunction are many, including hormone changes, autoimmune disease, inflamed eyelid glands or allergic eye disease. For some people, the cause of dry eyes is decreased tear production or increased tear evaporation.
How do you know if you have dry eyes or allergies?
The majority of dry eye is caused by a decrease in this lipid layer. Certain medical conditions can also cause dry eye. The most common symptoms include burning, a sandy, gritty feeling, redness and sometimes reflex tearing. While eye allergies can also cause redness and tearing, the main symptom is itching.
Can allergies make you dry?
Seasonal allergies like allergic rhinitis (hay fever) can keep the sinuses irritated, causing the tissue to become dry and inflamed. This can lead to thickened or sticky mucus, which makes the problem worse.
Does drinking water help dry eyes?
As a symptom of dehydration, the best treatment for dry eye is rehydrating by drinking plenty of water. Eye drops can also help alleviate the symptoms by lubricating the eye and washing away foreign materials.
Do antihistamines make your eyes dry?
As noted above, all oral antihistamines including newer-generation antihistamines, such as Claritin, Zyrtec (cetirizine, Pfizer) and Allegra (fexofenadine, Aventis Pharmaceuticals) dry the eye. This can worsen ocular allergies in two ways.
How do you make your eyes stop itching from allergies?
Other Ways to Reduce Symptoms
Rinse your eyes with preservative-free saline water or apply a cold, wet washcloth. Use lubricating eye drops (artificial tears) to moisten dry eyes and wash out allergens. Take out your contact lenses. Don’t rub your eyes, no matter how much they itch.
Does Claritin make your eyes dry?
The antimuscarinic action of the oral antihistamines Claritin (loratadine, Schering) and Zyrtec (cetirizine, Pfizer) may diminish the aqueous phase of the tear film, leading to exacerbated signs and symptoms of dry eye, according to a study by Gaurav Gupta and colleagues in North Andover, Md.
What is the best OTC allergy eye drops?
Best Overall: Alaway Antihistamine Eye Drops
Antihistamines like ketotifen are designed to block that response. Alaway, with its 12-hour protection, can easily be used to treat common allergic responses to pollen, pet dander, and grass.
What can I put on my eyes for allergies?
Wear wrap-around glasses or sunglasses to keep pollen out of your eyes. Place a cold compress over your eyes to soothe discomfort. Use artificial tears or lubricating eye drops to flush out any irritants. Try an over-the-counter remedy like allergy eye drops, oral antihistamines, or other medication for mild allergies.
What do dry eyes look like?
If Your Eyes Are Dry …
You might feel like you have sand in your eyes, or they might burn or itch. You might be sensitive to light, have blurry vision, or, in some cases, your eyes might water. And you may have a tough time wearing contact lenses.
Does lack of sleep cause dry eyes?
Not getting enough sleep can lead to having dry, itchy, or bloodshot eyes. The eyes may produce less tears after a night of insufficient sleep. This can open the door to eye infections. You may experience eye twitches or spasms when you have not had enough sleep.
Why do my eyes feel gritty?
Gritty eyes can make your eyes feel scratchy, rough and irritated— almost as if a piece of sand is stuck in your eye. Gritty eyes can be caused by a number of eye conditions, including dry eye syndrome, blepharitis, sjogren’s syndrome, or even sunburned eyes.