Just like people, horses can suffer from allergies. Allergies are an abnormal reaction to foreign substances (called allergens) by the immune system to which it has become hypersensitive.
How do you treat an allergic reaction in horses?
Your veterinarian can prescribe several medications to calm an allergic response. Dexamethasone or other corticosteroids are effective for treating severe reactions. If your horse is only moderately itchy or has hives, antihistamines can be useful.
What can horses be allergic to?
Like people, horses can be allergic to various substances, including plant particles and other substances in the air (called allergic inhalant dermatitis or atopy) or in food. These substances are called allergens.
How common is a horse allergy?
Unlike 100 years ago, however, most of us don’t come into daily contact with horses. Despite this, horse allergy is not that rare, affecting as many as 5% of people with allergies. 1 Horse dander is able to travel long distances in the air and has been found hundreds of yards away from horse stables.
Can horses have seasonal allergies?
Common Symptoms Include Hives, Itchiness, Coughs, and Runny Nose. Like many humans, horses can also develop seasonal allergies, and the symptoms can be as varied as they are with humans.
How much Benadryl can I give my horse?
Assuming you cannot contact your vet: For hives or possible allergic airway disease (heaves), for a 1000 lb horse, give 5-10 tabs of 25mg diphenydramine crushed up and mixed in water and dosed in a syringe orally (by mouth).
Why is my horse covered in bumps?
The most common reason that horses develop many small bumps on their skin is allergic hives (urticaria), but there are other causes that should also be considered. If the bumps appeared very suddenly and are distributed all over the body, it is likely true hives.
How do you know if your horse has allergies?
The most common types of allergic reactions in horses show up in the skin or respiratory system. In the skin, you may notice your horse vigorously itching an area or overcome with hives. For a respiratory reaction, your horse may begin coughing, sneezing or wheezing, but without nasal discharge.
Can I give my horse human antihistamines?
They are generally considered safe, but are of questionable value. Extra-label use of human antihistamines is also common in equine practice. Examples of these medications include hydroxyzine, diphenhydramine (Benadryl) and cetirizine, among many others.
How do they test for allergies in horses?
IDAT is used to diagnose the specific allergens that a horse is allergic to, and results of this test can be used to create allergy shots. To perform the test, a small rectangle of hair on the left side of the neck is clipped, and the horse’s skin response to 36 different allergens is tested.
Can horses be allergic to molasses?
We often find that Barley, Molasses and Alfalfa are ingredients that can cause unwanted reactions in some horses. For some horses, allergies and intolerances can take weeks, months or years to develop, meaning that their once favourite food could begin to cause unwanted and adverse reactions.
Can horses be allergic to grass?
Horses can be allergic to grass via consumption, coming into contact with it, or inhalation of the pollen. If your horse is experiencing any type of respiratory distress from an inhalation allergy, it needs to be treated as a medical emergency.
Is there a hypoallergenic horse?
The American Bashkir Curly Horse (for short Curly Horse) is a very rare breed known for its unique curly coat of hair, curly mane and tail (Fig 1). This breed has been claimed as the only available hypoallergenic horse breed.
What do you feed a horse with allergies?
Diets that provide necessary nutrients to maintain body condition and fuel for the performance horse might include alfalfa hay, a vitamin/mineral supplement such as Free Balance® 12:12 Mineral, grain (oats/barley/corn) for energy, oil for added calories, some beet pulp to hold it together and, if a soy-free source of …
Can you give dexamethasone orally to a horse?
Dexamethasone is prescribed to treat a variety of equine conditions, including arthritis, allergic reactions, and heaves. The drug is commonly administered orally (PO), intravenously (IV), or intramuscularly (IM), and its absorption rates via these methods has been studied.
How do I know if my horse has heaves?
Horses with the more severe form of the disease may exhibit signs of difficult breathing (nostril flaring and visible “heaving”) while at rest as well as frequent coughing, wheezing and exercise intolerance (that is, they may not be able to move any faster than a walk).